Mean-field theory for the dynamics of superfluid fermions in the BCS-BEC crossover

Zou, Peng (2014) Mean-field theory for the dynamics of superfluid fermions in the BCS-BEC crossover. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

PDF (Peng Zou's PhD thesis) - Doctoral Thesis


We use mean-field theory to investigate the dynamics of superfluid fermions. This thesis includes our two works. The first one is to study Josephson oscillations and self-trapping of superfluid fermions in a double-well potential with time-dependent Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations. We investigate the behaviour of a two-component Fermi superfluid. We numerically solve the time-dependent Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and characterize the regimes of Josephson oscillations and self-trapping for different potential barriers and initial conditions. In the weak link limit the results agree with a two-mode model where the relative population and the phase difference between the two wells obey coupled nonlinear Josephson equations. A more complex dynamics is predicted for large amplitude oscillations and large tunneling. The second one is to calculate the dynamic structure factor of unitary fermions. We have studied the dynamic structure factor of unitary fermions both at zero and finite temperature using the Bogoliubov-de Gennes theory and also Superfluid Local Density Approximation. We have derived the expression of the linear response function and the dynamic structure factor in the random phase approximation. At zero temperature, the SLDA+RPA formalism indeed provides a better accuracy at low momentum transfer and also its static structure factor is closer to quantum Monte Carlo value than that in BdG+RPA; however SLDA seems to give worse results for the molecular excitations at large momentum transfer. We have discussed the role of temperature and the comparison between SLDA and BdG, as well as with experimental data. The analysis is still at a preliminary level, but it suggests that mean-field theories can indeed be used to extract quantitative information about the order parameter and the excitations of the system by two-photon Bragg scattering experiments.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Physics
PhD Cycle:26
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/02 FISICA TEORICA, MODELLI E METODI MATEMATICI
Repository Staff approval on:29 May 2014 12:13

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