Fermi Mixtures: Effects of Engineered Confinements

Bausmerth, Ingrid (2009) Fermi Mixtures: Effects of Engineered Confinements. PhD thesis, University of Trento, INFM BEC Research Centre.

PDF - Doctoral Thesis


In this thesis we first review the theory of the normal state of the unitary Fermi gas at T = 0 and the main properties of the normal-to-superfluid transition. Then we study the trapped gas under adiabatic rotation, i.e., avoiding the formation of vortices. We show that for polarized systems the rotation enhances the Chandrasekhar-Clogston limit due to pair breaking at the border between the superfluid and the normal phase, while it leaves the global critical polarization Pc of the trapped system unaffected. In the case of an unpolarized unitary superfluid the rotation causes a phase separation between a superfluid core and an unpolarized normal shell, in which the densities of the spin-up and spin-down atom numbers is equal. For both the polarized and the unpolarized systems we calculate experimental observables such as the density profiles and the angular momenta. From the study of Bose-Einstein condensates it is well known that an adiabatic rotation induces a quadrupole deformation of the trapped atomic cloud when the rotation exceeds a certain angular velocity. In Fermi gases the situation is different due to the phase separation discussed above, and the quadrupole instabilities are found to set on at smaller angular velocity than in the BEC case. This phenomenon together with a more general discussion concerning not only the energetic but also the dynamic instabilities of the phase separated system is presented. We use the present knowledge of the equation of state of Fermi mixtures with unequal masses to give quantitative predictions for the phase separation between the normal and superfluid components. The analysis is based on the study of the zero temperature μ-h phase diagram of the uniform two component gas. The phase diagram at unitarity is determined thanks to the knowledge of the equation of state available from diagrammatic techniques applied to highly polarized configurations and from Monte Carlo simulations. The phase diagram is then used, in the local density approximation, to calculate the density profiles of the two Fermi components in the presence of harmonic trapping. Eventually we investigate the polarization produced by the relative displacement of the potentials trapping two spin species of a unitary Fermi gas with population imbalance. We investigate the dipole polarizability of a polarized system both in the two-fluid and the three-fluid model at zero temperature and point out the major differences between the two treatments.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Physics
PhD Cycle: XXII Cycle
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/02 FISICA TEORICA, MODELLI E METODI MATEMATICI
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