A monitoring method for after-earthquake damage evaluation of buildings

Trapani, Davide (2015) A monitoring method for after-earthquake damage evaluation of buildings. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

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After-earthquake assessment of buildings in terms of usability and safety is nowadays performed by in-charge technicians which are called to give their judgment basing mainly on in-field surveys and visual inspections. This necessarily implies additional inconvenience for residents and economic losses in the affected area, being often large the time required for conducting the surveys and being the judgment on the safe side in absence of objective data. A near real-time assessment based on objective data related to the seismic response of the structures is possible though the use of a monitoring systems capable of providing information on the state of the monitored structure inferring observations of its dynamic response. One of the most reliable parameter which can be correlated to the state of condition of a structure after an earthquake is the ductility demand expressed in terms of interstory drift. The use in monitoring systems of this indicator is examined in this thesis through case studies on reinforced concrete framed buildings and precast industrial buildings. In the design process of the systems I proposed a capacity-demand approach, through the prior formal definition of the requirements of accuracy and the calculation of the actual accuracy of the designed monitoring system. In particular I investigated in detail the uncertainties, both instrumental and related to model, to be combined in order to obtain the overall uncertainty of the information provided by the monitoring system, when using the method of double integration of the acceleration measurements. I have found that in general the instrumental uncertainties have less importance to the uncertainties of the model, in particular in presence of residual displacements at the end of the seismic motion. Aiming to reduce uncertainties in the presence of residual displacements and to cancel the need of high-pass filtering acceleration signals, I proposed a sensing bar prototype instrumented with accelerometers and inclinometers.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Engineering of Civil and Mechanical Structural Systems
PhD Cycle:27
Subjects:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/09 TECNICA DELLE COSTRUZIONI
Funders:f MEMSCON project (EC Seventh Framework Programme Grant Agreement n. CP-TP 212004-2)
Repository Staff approval on:25 May 2015 10:22

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