Kaiser, Daniel (2015) Inter-object grouping in visual processing: How the brain uses real-world regularities to carve up the environment. PhD thesis, University of Trento.
|PDF - Doctoral Thesis|
In everyday situations humans are continuously confronted with complex and cluttered visual environments that contain a large number of objects. Despite this complexity, performance in real-life tasks is surprisingly efficient. As a novel explanation for this efficiency, we propose that the brain uses typical regularities between objects (e.g., lamps are typically appearing above dining tables) to group these objects to reduce complexity and thereby facilitate behavioral performance. In a series of experiments, we show that object regularities reduce competitive interactions in visual cortex, and we relate this benefit to improved detection of target objects among regular distracter groups. Furthermore, we show that this inter-object grouping also enhances performance in visual working memory and determines how fast objects enter visual awareness in the first place. Altogether, our findings demonstrate that inter-object grouping effectively reduces the number of competing objects and thus can facilitate perception in cluttered, but regular environments.
|Item Type:||Doctoral Thesis (PhD)|
|Doctoral School:||Cognitive and Brain Sciences|
|Subjects:||Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-PSI/01 PSICOLOGIA GENERALE|
|Repository Staff approval on:||01 Dec 2015 09:49|
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