Dynamics of Vortices and their Interactions in Bose-Einstein Condensates

Serafini, Simone (2017) Dynamics of Vortices and their Interactions in Bose-Einstein Condensates. PhD thesis, University of Trento, INO-CNR BEC Center.

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Vortex reconnections and interactions play a fundamental role in the dynamics of fluids and turbulent flows, both in the classical and quantum regime. Studying vortices in a clean system like ultracold gases can therefore help, as a bottom-up approach, to understand the physics in a wider context, including superfluid helium, polariton condensates, fluid dynamics and turbulence, neutron stars and cosmological models. So far vortex-vortex interaction was studied in Bose-Einstein condensates either in rotating systems with the observation of regular Abrikosov lattices or in flat condensates across the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. In both cases the geometrical constraints allowed to study just a planar interaction among aligned or anti-aligned vortices. The present study instead is carried out in an axisymmetric cigar-shaped Bose-Einstein condensate. Vortices in prolate structures are also known as solitonic vortices. This geometry is especially suitable for investigating vortex interactions. Indeed vortices are oriented perpendicularly to the condensate axis to minimize their length, hence energy, and, because of the cylindrical symmetry, the orientation of a vortex in the radial plane has no constraints. These facts permit interactions to occur with different incoming relative angles between the vortex lines and with different relative velocities. The strong confinement, acting along the radial axis, enhances also interesting effects due to the boundaries.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Physics
PhD Cycle:29
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/01 FISICA SPERIMENTALE
Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/03 FISICA DELLA MATERIA
Repository Staff approval on:16 Mar 2017 10:17

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