Human Face and Behavior Analysis

Wang, Wei (2018) Human Face and Behavior Analysis. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

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Human face and behavior analysis are very important research topics in the field of computer vision and they have broad applications in our everyday life. For instance, face alignment, face aging, face expression analysis and action recognition have been well studied and applied for security and entertainment. With these face analyzing techniques (e.g., face aging), we could enhance the performance of cross-age face verification system which now has been used for banks and electronic devices to recognize their clients. With the help of action recognition system, we could better summarize the user uploaded videos or generate logs for surveillance videos. This could help us retrieve the videos more accurately and easily. The dictionary learning and neural networks are powerful machine learning models for these research tasks. Initially, we focus on the multi-view action recognition task. First, a class-wise dictionary is pre-trained which encourages the sparse representations of the between-class videos from different views to lie close by. Next, we integrate the classifiers and the dictionary learning model into a unified model to learn the dictionary and classifiers jointly. For face alignment, we frame the standard cascaded face alignment problem as a recurrent process by using a recurrent neural network. Importantly, by combining a convolutional neural network with a recurrent one we alleviate hand-crafted features to learn task-specific features. For human face aging task, it takes as input a single image and automatically outputs a series of aged faces. Since human face aging is a smooth progression, it is more appropriate to age the face by going through smooth transitional states. In this way, the intermediate aged faces between the age groups can be generated. Towards this target, we employ a recurrent neural network. The hidden units in the RFA are connected autoregressively allowing the framework to age the person by referring to the previous aged faces. For smile video generation, one person may smile in different ways (e.g., closing/opening the eyes or mouth). This is a one-to-many image-to-video generation problem, and we introduce a deep neural architecture named conditional multi-mode network (CMM-Net) to approach it. A multi-mode recurrent generator is trained to induce diversity and generate K different sequences of video frames.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Information and Communication Technology
PhD Cycle:30
Subjects:Area 01 - Scienze matematiche e informatiche > INF/01 INFORMATICA
Repository Staff approval on:10 May 2018 09:27

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