Tran, Thi Ngoc Lam (2019) Tin dioxide-based photonic glass-ceramics. PhD thesis, University of Trento.
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Looking at state of the art of optical devices, it is evident that glass-based rare-earth-activated optical structures represent the technological pillar of a huge number of photonic applications covering Health and Biology, Structural Engineering, Environment Monitoring Systems, Lighting, Laser sources and Quantum Technologies. Among different glass-based systems, a strategic place is assigned to transparent glass-ceramics, nanocomposite materials, which offer specific characteristics of capital importance in photonics. Following this strategy, this PhD thesis exploits tin dioxide (SnO2)-based glass-ceramic activated by erbium ions (Er3+) to put the basis for the fabrication of solid state and integrated lasers. The research discussed in my PhD thesis gives a possible solution to two crucial and decisive points in the development of an optically pumped rare-earth-based laser: (i) the low absorption cross section of the rare-earth ions; (ii) the writing of channels and mirrors in the case of waveguide integrated laser, thanks to the demonstration of two innovative and unique characteristics of SnO2-based transparent glass-ceramics, i.e. luminescence sensitizing and photorefractivity. The role of SnO2 nanocrystals as rare-earth ion luminescence sensitizers allows to overcome the low absorption cross section of the Er3+ ion. The photorefractivity in range of 10-3 of SiO2-SnO2:Er3+ glass-ceramics allows applying the robust direct laser photoinscription technique on the systems to fabricate Bragg gratings and channel waveguides for waveguide integrated lasers. Based on an application-oriented approach, a comprehensive study on SiO2-SnO2:Er3+ glass-ceramic planar waveguides and monoliths, has been carried out. The work covers different research stages and aspects from the material preparation to a complete assessment of systems for the applications employing a rich number and variety of experimental techniques. The energy transfer from SnO2 to Er3+ and the efficient pumping scheme exploiting SnO2 as Er3+ luminescence sensitizers were demonstrated. The relaxation dynamic of the electronic states as well as the location of the dopant and density of states are discussed, and a specific modeling has been developed to the proof of concept realization of the considered devices. The obtained photorefractivity in range of 10-3 allowed the inscription of gratings on the fabricated SiO2-SnO2:Er3+ planar waveguides using UV laser direct writing technique. Exploiting the robust femtosecond laser micromachining, the optical waveguides were inscribed in the fabricated SiO2-SnO2:Er3+ monolithic squares. Another important outcome of this research is the design of a solid state laser with lateral pumping scheme and of an integrated waveguide laser in two different distributed feedback structures using all the parameters measured during the experimental activity.
|Item Type:||Doctoral Thesis (PhD)|
|Doctoral School:||Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering|
|Subjects:||Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/07 FISICA APPLICATA (A BENI CULTURALI, AMBIENTALI, BIOLOGIA E MEDICINA)|
Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/01 FISICA SPERIMENTALE
Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/03 FISICA DELLA MATERIA
|Repository Staff approval on:||10 Apr 2019 11:52|
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