Promoting the Execution of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights: The (Potential) Role of National Human Rights Institutions

Antoniazzi, Chiara Tea (2019) Promoting the Execution of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights: The (Potential) Role of National Human Rights Institutions. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

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Abstract

The acknowledgment that the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Committee of Ministers are flooded with repetitive cases has brought increasing attention to the issue of full and timely execution of the Court’s judgments. Efforts have been made to render the system of supervision of the execution more transparent, independent, and participatory. The involvement of actors other than the intergovernmental Committee of Ministers appears particularly significant. This dissertation focuses on specific entities that, while somewhat neglected in the literature, would seem to be ideally situated to promote the execution of ECtHR judgments – i.e., National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs), which are commonly portrayed as “bridges” between the State and civil society, and between the national and international levels. The dissertation provides a comprehensive examination of the current level of engagement by NHRIs with the Committee of Ministers for furthering the execution of ECtHR judgments. Participating NHRIs have generally provided detailed information on the state of legislation, administrative practice, and case-law in their respective countries, and they have proposed measures to prevent future human rights violations. Nonetheless, the findings show that a relatively low number of NHRIs have submitted communications to the Committee of Ministers to date and that the impact of these communications on the actions undertaken by States and the decisions adopted by the Committee of Ministers is often difficult to assess. The activities carried out by NHRIs at the domestic level to encourage the execution of ECtHR judgments are also systematically identified with a view to illustrating the multifarious ways in which NHRIs can contribute to the execution process. On the basis of these findings, the dissertation highlights and accounts for the unfulfilled potential of NHRIs in promoting the execution of ECtHR judgments; it further puts forward proposals to strengthen the involvement of NHRIs in the process.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:International Studies
PhD Cycle:31
Subjects:Area 12 - Scienze giuridiche > IUS/13 DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE
Area 12 - Scienze giuridiche
Uncontrolled Keywords:National Human Rights Institutions, NHRIs, European Court of Human Rights, ECtHR judgments, execution of ECtHR judgments, execution of international judgments
Repository Staff approval on:20 Jun 2019 09:32

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