Progressive Collapse Assessment of Steel and Concrete Composite Structures Subjected to Extreme Loading Conditions

Roverso, Giacomo (2019) Progressive Collapse Assessment of Steel and Concrete Composite Structures Subjected to Extreme Loading Conditions. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

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Accidental events, such as impact loading and explosions, are rare events with a very low probability of occurrence, but their effects often lead to very high human losses and economical consequences. Vulnerability of structures to the effects of local damages and its mitigation are issues widely discussed inside the scientific community. The structural property associated with such a vulnerability is named robustness. Depending on the type of the structural system and on the importance of consequences, specific design strategies can be adopted in order to ensure a robust structural response. Among them, the system redundancy, the joints and members ductility and the alternate load paths are the ones commonly adopted in case of multi-storey framed buildings. The present work focuses on the study of the behaviour of steel-concrete composite structures subjected to a column loss, and proposes a global overview to quantify the robustness of such systems subjected to this hazard scenario. The description of validated finite element models and of a new analytical tool to predict the response of flat concrete slabs subjected to large displacement are reported in this dissertation. Furthermore, important design hints for composite buildings are proposed. The starting point of the research is an experimental campaign conducted at the University of Trento. Two tests on 3D full-scale one storey composite steel-concrete frames, extracted from five storeys frames designed in accordance to the Eurocodes, were performed simulating the central column removal. The role of the beam-to-column connections and of the concrete slab for the force redistribution was investigated. The experimental data have been then taken as reference for the calibration of finite element models that allowed to conduct further numerical analyses on different structural configurations and design scenarios. In particular, it was studied the influence of the location of the removed column on the structural behaviour. The collapse of central, lateral and corner columns were investigated in order to understand the load transfer mechanism, the requirement of joint ductility and the influence of the concrete slab on the development of alternate load paths. Both experimental and numerical results showed that the concrete slab plays a key role on the load transfer mechanism within the structure: it can hence contribute significantly to the robustness of the system preventing progressive collapse. The knowledge of the response of reinforced concrete slabs subjected to large displacements, as in the case of a column loss, allows quantifying the contribution to the resistance of the building to collapse associated with activation of membrane forces. Regarding this aspect, a new analytical simplified method, based on the principle of virtual works, was developed to predict the load-deflection response of simply supported reinforced concrete slabs with planar edge restraints subjected to large displacement. In conclusion, the present work provides a significant contribution to the knowledge of composite steel-concrete structures subjected to extreme loading conditions and open the way to extend results to different structural configurations and loading scenarious.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering
PhD Cycle:31
Subjects:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/09 TECNICA DELLE COSTRUZIONI
Repository Staff approval on:29 Jul 2019 10:00

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