From materials science to astrophysics with electronic structure calculations

Taioli, Simone (2013) From materials science to astrophysics with electronic structure calculations. PhD thesis, University of Trento, Fondazione Bruno Kessler.

PDF - Doctoral Thesis


The first and foremost goal of the present work was to develop novel theoretical and computational methods and use state-of-the-art techniques in electronic structure theory to interpret a specific set of physical problems mainly related, but not limited to, materials science. Our guiding principle was to relate information obtained from scattering experiments with the numerical solution of the multichannel dynamics of many-body systems, shedding light on the origin of electronic and optical properties of a variety of systems. The general approach adopted in this thesis was not to present separate chapters for theory, rather we introduced methods along with the experiments. In particular, we focused on the modeling of both ground and excited states of materials, on vibrational, core and valence electron spectroscopy of condensed matter systems using computational methods at different level of accuracy and complexity to interpret a number of experimental data. While these methods have been devised for this scope, their applicability, notably the treatment of the continuum states through multichannel scattering formalism, is totally general and can be applied to describe several different experiments, performed with a variety of apparently distant techniques. In particular, the Fano--Fesbach discrete-continuum interaction provides a common framework suitable to this task. Within this scheme, thus, the calculation of the spectral lineshapes measured by XPS, Auger, NEXAFS, and EEL spectroscopy can be reconciled on the same theoretical grounds with the investigation of the properties of ultra-cold Fermi gases at unitarity, or of the electronic capture and decay rate in ultra-hot plasma found in stellar environments or, finally, with the study of the epitaxial growth of nanostructured materials. Crossing the borders between several computational, theoretical and experimental techniques, this thesis should be of interest to a broad community, including those interested in aspects of atomic and molecular physics, electronic structure calculations, experimental and theoretical spectroscopy, astrophysics and scattering theorists in a broad sense.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Physics
PhD Cycle:XXV
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/03 FISICA DELLA MATERIA
Repository Staff approval on:03 May 2013 09:58

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