Advanced Techniques based on Mathematical Morphology for the Analysis of Remote Sensing Images

Dalla Mura, Mauro (2011) Advanced Techniques based on Mathematical Morphology for the Analysis of Remote Sensing Images. PhD thesis, University of Trento, University of Iceland.

PDF - Doctoral Thesis


Remote sensing optical images of very high geometrical resolution can provide a precise and detailed representation of the surveyed scene. Thus, the spatial information contained in these images is fundamental for any application requiring the analysis of the image. However, modeling the spatial information is not a trivial task. We addressed this problem by using operators defined in the mathematical morphology framework in order to extract spatial features from the image. In this thesis novel techniques based on mathematical morphology are presented and investigated for the analysis of remote sensing optical images addressing different applications. Attribute Profiles (APs) are proposed as a novel generalization based on attribute filters of the Morphological Profile operator. Attribute filters are connected operators which can process an image by removing flat zones according to a given criterion. They are flexible operators since they can transform an image according to many different attributes (e.g., geometrical, textural and spectral). Furthermore, Extended Attribute Profiles (EAPs), a generalization of APs, are presented for the analysis of hyperspectral images. The EAPs are employed for including spatial features in the thematic classification of hyperspectral images. Two techniques dealing with EAPs and dimensionality reduction transformations are proposed and applied in image classification. In greater detail, one of the techniques is based on Independent Component Analysis and the other one deals with feature extraction techniques. Moreover, a technique based on APs for extracting features for the detection of buildings in a scene is investigated. Approaches that process an image by considering both bright and dark components of a scene are investigated. In particular, the effect of applying attribute filters in an alternating sequential setting is investigated. Furthermore, the concept of Self-Dual Attribute Profile (SDAP) is introduced. SDAPs are APs built on an inclusion tree instead of a min- and max-tree, providing an operator that performs a multilevel filtering of both the bright and dark components of an image. Techniques developed for applications different from image classification are also considered. In greater detail, a general approach for image simplification based on attribute filters is proposed. Finally, two change detection techniques are developed. The experimental analysis performed with the novel techniques developed in this thesis demonstrates an improvement in terms of accuracies in different fields of application when compared to other state of the art methods.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Information and Communication Technology
Subjects:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/03 TELECOMUNICAZIONI
Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/05 SISTEMI DI ELABORAZIONE DELLE INFORMAZIONI
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