Single Polymer Micro- and Nano- Composites

Medeiros Araujo, Thiago (2013) Single Polymer Micro- and Nano- Composites. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

PDF - Doctoral Thesis
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Due to an increasing attention to environment preservation and the need to accomplish new regulations, a general interest to improve the recyclability of composite materials has recently emerged. In order to fulfill this new requirements, a possible strategy could be represented by the development of so-called "single polymer composites" (SPCs), i.e. composite materials in which both matrix and reinforcement have the same chemical composition. The main advantage of SPCs is that, unlike traditional heterogeneous composites (such as glass- or carbon reinforced polymer composites), they can be entirely melted down at the end of the product life for recycling. After an optimization of the annealing treatment to improve the mechanical properties and thermal stability of the reinforcing phase, SPCs containing Vectran® micro- and nano- fibers as a reinforcement were prepared, and their thermo-mechanical properties and recyclability were investigated using a multidisciplinary approach. Single polymer micro composites (SPMCs) containing up to 30 wt% of reinforcing microfibers showed a outstanding improvement of tensile modulus (up to 160 %) compared with the unfilled matrix. FESEM observations evidenced some pull-out phenomena, indicating a poor interfacial adhesion. After a surface treatment on the reinforcement, a composite containing up to 20 wt% showed a remarkable improvement of almost 180% in the tensile modulus compared with the unfilled matrix. FTIR and thermal analysis evidenced its recyclability. Single polymer nano composites (SPNCs) containing up to 10 vol% of reinforcing nanofibers showed an increase by almost 20% of their tensile modulus and strength in comparison with the unfilled matrix. Optical observations revealed a consolidation problem in the unfilled matrix due to the adapted film-stacking process used. However, the addition of the nanofibers in the composite eliminated the problem. Thermal analysis was used to ensure the SPNCs recyclability. Vectran® single polymer micro- and nano- composites have been proven to be possible candidates to substitute traditional heterogeneous composites materials, with enhanced recyclability features.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis (PhD)
Doctoral School:Materials Science and Engineering
PhD Cycle:XXV
Subjects:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/27 CHIMICA INDUSTRIALE E TECNOLOGICA
Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/29 INGEGNERIA DELLE MATERIE PRIME
Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/22 SCIENZA E TECNOLOGIA DEI MATERIALI
Uncontrolled Keywords:Single polymer composites, Vectran®, Liquid crystalline polymers, Electrospinning, Composite Materials, Polymers
Additional Information:Published by University of Trento. - ISBN: 978-88-8443-476-0.
Repository Staff approval on:16 May 2013 15:16

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